After spending 25 years as the company’s president and CEO, Gates eventually transitioned out of his role at Microsoft so that he could focus on philanthropy.
Whether it’s the environment or medical costs, all of those, I think innovation will be what gets us out of the problem. At the turn of the century, around 1900, people were projecting how much horse manure there’d be and that our cities would just be inundated. Well, of course, the car solved that problem. It introduced some new challenges like, okay, where’s the oil going to come from. But it’s always innovation that gets us out of just straight-line thinking of problems look like. So I have very little doubt that in the next 20 years cheaper, friendly ways of generating energy will come along and that will avoid a big problem and also let us live better lifestyles. Clearly in health we need big breakthroughs for the big diseases. The diseases in this country and the diseases elsewhere. I think the world is educating more people. We’ve got better collaboration. So I’d be optimistic that the right things will come, but it’s a long list of problems, and the only reason I feel good about them is that innovation will be able to surprise us with solutions that aren’t just zero-sum trade-offs, but rather take us into a whole new way of looking at things.
The toughest feedback to hear, is the feedback you need the most.
You get better by listening to your toughest critics. Your greatest source of growth can come from the people that will tell you what you need to hear, not just what you want to hear. Bill says, “Your most unhappy customers are your greatest source of learning.”
The most reliable way to evaluate teachers is to use a three-pronged approach built on student test scores, classroom observations by multiple reviewers and teacher evaluations from students themselves, the foundation found.
The large-scale study is the first to demonstrate that it is possible to identify great teaching, the foundation said.
Researchers videotaped 3,000 participating teachers and experts analyzed their classroom performance. They also ranked the teachers using a statistical model known as value-added modeling, which calculates how much an educator has helped students learn based on their academic performance over time. And finally, the researchers surveyed the students, who turned out to be reliable judges of their teacher’s abilities.
They used all that data to identify teachers who seemed effective. And then they randomly assigned students to those teachers for an academic year. Teachers who seemed to be effective were, in fact, able to repeat those successes with different students in different years, the researchers found. Their students not only scored well on standardized exams but also were able to handle more complicated tests of their conceptual math knowledge and reading and writing abilities.
Researchers found that multiple classroom observations of teachers by several people — a principal, a peer, an outside expert — result in the most accurate assessments. Many school districts currently rely on observations by just one person, usually a principal.
For decades, teacher evaluations were little more than a formality in most school systems, with most educators getting top ratings based on little more than a principal’s checklist. Tenure, rather than student achievement, largely determined whether a teacher was rehired at the end of a school year.
The rich are different from you and I, but they still want to give their kids an allowance. So what do the world’s richest man’s kids do with their money? Melinda Gates focuses on women and children. but she spilled some secrets about how she tries to get her kids to be purposeful with their money.
First of all, she tries to be true to her values, to articulate them and live them out.
Additionally, Melinda says they do a lot of volunteering together for “whatever tugs at their heartstrings…They have that connection I think to the developing world. And of course, they’ve traveled with her. “They have that connection I think to the developing world,” she says. “They see the difference a flock of chicks makes in a family’s life. It’s huge.”
I think exposing kids to the stories of innovation is something that’s important. I think having them get where the frontier is, what the tough problems are. I’m often saying to my son when he asks, “Is there a product that can do this?” I say, “No, you’ll have a chance to invent that.” Show him that he has that ability and should be encouraged. So recent examples, I think, are particularly powerful. Then even the stories of where somebody tried to innovate but hit a dead end get a sense of why it’s so daunting and yet the benefits are so incredible when it does come to pass.
Have a lot of people who from a young age get a great math and science education and get exposed to the idea that new innovations can really fundamentally change things, whether it’s a new seed and a new way of generating energy or a new kind of software. Our future will be defined by those innovations and we have to have all the IQ of our smart, young minds being ambitious and dreaming and understanding that the status quo can be greatly improved. Getting those minds to come together and try out different experiments, have the right incentives so that if they do invent something that there’s this great reward and they can be an exemplar promoting that idea.
I think scientists and inventors are particularly important because many of them faced long odds. They had to see the world in a new way. In fact, if we think why is our lifestyle so much better, whether it’s food or medicine or transportation, it’s because of these great innovations.
My friend, Paul Allen, and I wanted, the personal computer we dreamed about having and then that we were able to shape so that eventually billions of people could benefit from it.